In service to His Majesty· Registered
He was pulling your chain.Originally posted by BOLANTEJ:
...the salesman told me that now i needed something that could really reach out and touch someone/thing...
Different calibers are used in different contexts. The .223 is used solely in a law enforcement context where engagements are always 100 yds or less. Within this short distance, the bullet is not only flat but the effects of crosswind are nearly nil. Take a .223 out to 500 yds and beyond in a moderate crosswind, and the light bullet gets bucked like a rookie cowboy on a wild stallion. Also, believe it or not, there is the "flinch factor." Law enforcement applications require a bullet to strike the medulla oblongata (tiny area at the base of the brain) to instantly incapacitate a hostake taker who may have a gun to somebody's head. A rifleman cannot afford to anticipate the recoil of a .308 and possibly throw the shot. Overpenetration is another matter; what lies beond the perpetrator? A .223 will do far less damage after passing through the perp than a .308. So, in short, the .223 is ideal in LE situations at 100 yds or less.
The .308 is the ideal caliber in military sniping situations. The bullet is about three times heavier than the .223, so it is much better in downrange crosswinds. A heavy bullet also retains more energy downrange than a light bullet considering they had equal muzzle velocity. Light bullets like the .223 "crap out" early. No worry about recoil throwing a medulla oblongata shot off either, because that's not what you're aiming for in military applications. The center mass of the torso is the target. If you don't kill the enemy at least you can wound him severely. This is acceptable. Also in military sniping situations, you don't want to engage less than 500 yds because the enemy might determine your position and track you. So it is necessary to engage further out. This is where the .308 shines because of the reduced crosswind effects and retained energy.
To sum it all up, you would never use a .223 to reach out and somebody. Leave that job to the .308 or the flat-shooting 3000+ fps .30 caliber screamer cartridges. But, as a tradeoff, these screamers are not as accurate as the .308. Buy a reloading manual and study what point blank means and what increased velocity does to accuracy. It is very relevant to this discussion. Point blank is widely misunderstood. It does not mean close up or execution style as it has been portrayed in the TV cop shows and movies.
I have the Remington 700 Police in the 26" barreled .308. I used to have the .300 Win. Mag. I sold it because I couldn't get the groups I desired. The increased velocity and short neck make this a horrible tackdriver in my experience. This is a hunting round, in my opinion, where extreme accuracy is not needed. Oh, hell. I probably just started a .308 vs. 300 Mag flame war. I hope not.
[This message has been edited by In service to His Majesty (edited 10-19-2001).]